ANDER'S ARMY TOUR: *** For Your Freedom and Ours




TOUR N.6 


The men and women of Ander's Army opened to Rome to Rome and the freedom of Europe in May 1944. 


The story of the men and women of the Second Polish Corps starts with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany on 1st September 1939. Two weeks later,  Poland was also invaded by URSS, about one million Polish civilians and military were deported  to Syberia. In June 1941, Hitler attacked the USSR, breaking his non-aggression with the Soviet Union. Stalin realised  the Poles from the Gulags and the Polish 2nd Corps was formed.  After months of struggle the Poles reached Monte Cassino. There previous attacks on Monte Cassino had failed. The eye's of the world were watching them and when on 18th May 1944 Monte Cassino was captured it was an emotianal moment for the poles and a great success and a great contribution to the liberation of Rome, Italy and Europe.  


Monte Cassino battlefield tour  following their footsteps of the 2nd Polish corps:



HIGHLIGHTS:



  • Easy train ride from Roma Termini, pick up at the train station or at your Hotel in Cassino and sorrounding area by your local guide and ride in a comfortable Mercedes van equipped with a large monitor to enjoy footage of the battles, pictures then and now and presentations while en route to the various sites.
  • Experience the best view of the Liri valley from point 593 (Strongest German position captures by the 3rd Carpathian Division on 17th May 1944
  • Take in the fantastic art and architectural style of the Basilica in the Abbey including the original underground part not destroyed during the bombing and especially opened for our tour.
  • Pay respect to the Fallen visiting the war cemetery and the visitor center, founded by the Polish veterans relocated in USA and Canada.
  • Ruins of the Albaneta  Farm.
  • Visit the Sherman of Second Lieutenant Ludomir Białecki (all crew killed) destroyed by an German AT mine on the road to Albaneta near Monte Cassino. The first loss of the regiment, the wreck was later converted to a 4th 'Scorpion' Armoured Regiment monument.
  • Visit the location of Domek Doktora, first aid during the battle.
  • Complimentary food and wine tastings.
  • All entrance tickets to sites and monuments.
  • For personalised itinerary and cost information please email: danila.bracaglia@gmail.com



Optional Day Tour:



· Tour n. 2 : BREAKING THE WINTER LINE: Monte Lungo, San Pietro Infine and Monte Camino.




Some Information about the 2nd Polish Corps*



  • Polish 2nd Corps (2 Korpus Polski) 1943-1947 was a major unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West, commanded by General Wladyslaw Anders
  • The training site for the 2nd Corps in the Middle East was Khanaqin-Quizil Ribat in Iraq (1943-44) and was composed of the soldiers who had been released from exile in the USSR, the Carpathian Rifle Brigade, the 12th Podolski Lancers and the 15th Poznan Lancers
  • Re-organised, the Polish 2nd Corps comprised two infantry divisions each of which had 2 brigades and 2 light artillery regiments
  • General Anders also formed the Polish Women’s Auxiliary Corps (Pomoczniczna Wojskowa Sluzba Kobiet) and they largely trained as heavy vehicle drivers
  • Approximately 80% of the Polish 2nd Corps came from Poland’s pre-war Kresy or Eastern Borderlands
  • In 1944 the Polish 2nd Corps were transferred to Italy where they were an independent unit of the British Eight Army under General Oliver Leese
  • The Polish 2nd Corps took part in major Italian campaigns – the Battle of Monte Cassino, the Battle of Ancona and the Battle of Bologna
  • 3 previous Allied assaults on Monte Cassino had failed and Monte Cassino was a major victory for the Polish 2nd Corps. With it, the road to Rome was open.
  • Monte Cassino was one of the most difficult and bloodiest battles of World War II
  • The Polish 2nd Corps had 11,379 casualties in the Italian campaign
  • In 1944 the Polish 2nd Corps numbered approximately 50,000 soldiers. By 1946 it numbered over 100,000 with reinforcements from freed POWs and Poles forced to fight for the Germans


* From Kresy Siberia Foundation Website.