1943 -1944 ROME OPEN CITY: the German occupation of Rome.
The drammatic story of Rome under the German occupation (11 September 1943 to 4 June 1944) In the days leading up to Italy’s surrender, the government that had deposed Mussolini had declared Rome an “Open City” – a demilitarized zone, harmless and thus a measure to preserve its countless wonders from the ruins of war. Reaffirmed but not respected by the German occupiers and consequently the Allies, this open city would from the outset